Digital poetry– 5 ways to integrate human and computer system languages

Considering that lockdown, everybody has actually had to rely greatly on digital technologies: be it Zoom work meetings and prolonged e-mail chains, video gaming and streaming services for entertainment, or social networks platforms to arrange everything from groceries to demonstrations. Human presence is now permeated by non-human computer language.

This consists of poetry. Digital innovations can share and release modern poetry, and also create it.

Digital artists integrate human and computer languages to produce digital poetry, which can be grouped into a minimum of 5 categories.

1. Generative poetry

Generative poems use a program or algorithm to produce poetic text from a database of words and phrases composed or collected by the digital poet.

The poem may run for a set duration, a set number of times, or indefinitely. Dial by Lai-Tze Fan and Nick Montfort, for instance, is a generative poem that represents networked, remote interaction. It portrays two separated voices took part in a dialogue over time. Time can be adjusted by clicking the clocks at the bottom of this emoji-embedded work.

A still from generative poem Dial (2020) by Lai-Tze Fan and Nick Montfort.

The current web-based work Say Their Names! by digital artist John Barber creates a list from more than 5,000 names of Black, Hispanic, and Native Americans who have been eliminated by policeman in the United States from 2015 to the present day. No judgement concerning the victims’ guilt or innocence is made. Each name is simply spoken– in a sometimes incongruously pleasant tone– by a computerized voice.

2. Remixed poetry

Nick Montfort’s generative poem Taroko Gorge was influenced by a check out to Taroko Gorge in Taiwan.

Montfort composes: “If others could go to a location of natural beauty and write a poem about that location, why could not I write a poetry generator, instead?” Scott Rettberg then took the code from Montfort’s poem and changed the vocabulary to produce Tokyo Garage, turning Montfort’s minimalist nature poem into a maximalist metropolitan poem.

J.R. Carpenter undertook a similar transformation– changing the nature vocabulary with words related to consuming.

There are now dozens of Taroko Canyon remixes By inspecting the source of Montfort’s poem, one can carve into the code to remix one’s own version.

Scott Rettberg’s Taroko Canyon remix.

3. Visual verse

For centuries, poets have actually integrated poetry and images. In the late 1700 s, William Blake integrated poetry with engraved artwork in his conceptual collection Songs of Innocence

The title of Qianxun Chen‘s work Shan Shui means mountain and water in Chinese, and landscape when combined as shanshui

Shan Shui (2014) by Qianxun Chen makes a new lit up poem with each click. The Buoy by Meredith Morran is a poetic work of auto-fiction that uses a series of diagrams to create a new kind of language to attend to political issues including marginalised identities.

Morran integrates abstract images, efficiency and PowerPoint presentation software application to indirectly attend to an individual history of maturing queer in Texas.

4. Computer game poem plays

The 1960 s and 70 s saw the emergence of text-based computer games, such as Zork, the source code of which is archived at the MIT libraries.

Queensland digital poet Jason Nelson has actually produced a number of works that fuse these 2 modes. One is called game, video game, game, and once again video game, which Nelson describes as “ a digital poem, retro-game, an anti-design statement, and an individual expedition of the artist’s changing worldview lens“.

A still from game, video game, game, and once again game (2007) by Jason Nelson.

The emergence of virtual truth video games, such as Half-Life: Alyx, has actually also consulted with poetry.

Australian digital artist Mez Breeze‘s V[R] ignettes is a virtual truth microstory series.

A still from V[R] ignettes (2019) by Mez Breeze.

5. Coded messages

Code poetry is a category that combines classical poetry with computer system language.

Code poems, such as those compiled by Ishac Bertran in the print collection code , do not require a computer to exist. Nevertheless, they do use computer system languages, so to understand the poem one needs to have the ability to read computer system code.

Like so lots of untranslatable Russian and Chinese poems, these works need a knowledge of the initial language to be appreciated.The Conversation

Ignotus the Mage/flickr, CC BY-SA

This article is republished from The Conversation by David Thomas Henry Wright, Partner Teacher, Nagoya University under a Creative Commons license. Read the initial article

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