Labour had its very first prime minister in 1924
More than 700 million votes have been cast in UK general elections considering that 1918, some 300 million of them for Labour.
The celebration produced its very first prime minister, Ramsay MacDonald, at the head of a minority federal government in1924
Ever Since Labour has actually won eight basic elections and produced 5 more prime ministers: Clement Attlee (1945-51), Harold Wilson (1964-70 and 1974-76), James Callaghan (1976-79), Tony Blair (1997-2007) and Gordon Brown (2007-10).
Labour is as weak now as it remained in the 1930 s
The 2019 basic election was a catastrophe for Labour, leaving Jeremy Corbyn’s party with 202 out of 650 Commons seats.
Labour’s brand-new leader will have less associates in the House of Commons than any Labour leader has actually had for 84 years.
The celebration lost greatly, even in locations where working class supporters had actually kept Labour afloat for generations.
Previous mining neighborhoods in north-east England and Wales turned away. The celebration lost seats in every English area except London.
In Scotland, Labour, with simply one seat out of 59, have been all however erased.
Labour has actually suffered heavy defeats before
In 1983 Labour, under Michael Foot, won simply seven seats more than its existing tally.
Labour’s poor performance followed a destructive split which led to the formation of the Social Democratic Celebration (SDP).
As in 2019, Labour faced sharp criticism over a manifesto extensively regarded as too radical. Critics called it “the longest suicide note in history”.
Mr Foot also dealt with Conservative Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, who was riding a crest of popularity, buoyed by victory in the Falklands War versus Argentina.
Labour has made some big come-backs
The outlook for the brand-new leader may look bleak, but Labour has actually recuperated from heavy beats before.
After 1983, it took the party an additional 14 years to go back to power – in 1997, Tony Blair won a landslide victory.
The result ended 18 years of Conservative guideline under Mrs Thatcher and John Major, and gave Labour 418 seats.
Tony Blair went on to win two more elections in 2001 and2005
Labour under Mr Blair and Gordon Brown was in power for 13 years.
Tony Blair won 3 elections for Labour: 1997, 2001 and2005
Likewise, in 1945 Labour overcame big obstacles to win with a significant majority.
The Conservative Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, had just led the nation to victory over the Nazis.
The election occurred less than 2 months after completion of the fighting in Europe.
The Labour leader Clement Attlee mounted a hugely effective project for a program of post-war restoring.
His 145- seat bulk, Labour’s very first, enabled Mr Attlee to introduce a sweeping programme of reforms, consisting of the intro of the National Health Service.
Scotland and south-east England are a big difficulty
If Labour is to make huge gains next time, the historic record recommends they are not likely to come in south-east England.
At no point in the past 100 years has Labour won a majority of the seats there and the Tories have actually dominated practically the entire region.
Tony Blair and Clement Attlee made some gains, but even they were restricted.
Hugh Gaitskell, who was leader from 1955 to 1963, Harold Wilson (1963-76), James Callaghan (1976-80) and Neil Kinnock (1983-92) made little impact.
Labour leaders from Ramsay MacDonald in the 1920 s right up to Ed Miliband in 2015 saw Scotland as fertile ground.
Even Michael Foot took 41 seats there in1983
The Scottish National Party (SNP), which was founded in 1934, made some gains in the 1970 s but took just two seats in 1983.
The Conservatives have a higher proportion of north-east England seats than at any time considering that1935
The Conservative government under Boris Johnson has signalled it will fight difficult to stop that occurring.
London and north-west England might provide some hope
London could be an exception for Labour and its new leader as the capital stays a predominantly Labour city.
In 2019 the party carried out there in addition to it has in any election since 1950, except when Labour was led by Tony Blair.
Approach and cautions
We evaluated information from every general election because 1918 held by the House of Commons Library.
We have gathered some celebrations into one category, for example the Liberal Celebration and the Liberal Democrats or Labour and Independent Labour.
We have also omitted the small numbers of university seats which existed before 1945 and second seats from the two-seat constituencies that existed before1950